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2018 Vol.34, Issue 10 Preview Page
October 2018. pp. 61-74
In this study, the pull-out behavior of tunnel type anchorage of suspension bridges was analyzed based on results from laboratory size model tests and numerical analysis. Tunnel type anchorage has found its applications occasionally in both domestic and oversea projects, therefore design method including failure mode and safety factor is yet to be clearly established. In an attempt to improve the design method, scaled model tests were conducted by employing simplified shapes and structure of the Ulsan grand bridge’s anchorage which was the first case history of its like in Korea. In the model tests, the anchorage body and the surrounding rocks were made by using gypsum mixture. The pull-out behavior was investigated under plane strain conditions. The results of the model tests showed that the tunnel type anchorage underwent wedge shape failure. For the verification of the model tests, numerical analysis was carried out using ABAQUS, a finite element analysis program. The failure behavior predicted by numerical analysis was consistent with that by the model tests. The result of numerical analysis also showed that the effect of Poisson's ratio was negligible, and that a plugging type failure mode could occur only when the strength of the surrounding rocks was 10 times larger than that of anchorage body.
본 연구에서는 케이블 인발하중이 작용하는 현수교의 앵커리지 종류 중 터널식 앵커리지의 인발거동 특성을 축소모형실험과 수치해석을 통하여 분석하였다. 터널식 앵커리지는 국내외 적용사례가 적고 파괴형태 및 안전율 등 설계기법이 명확히 정립되어 있지 않아 설계기법 개선과 관련한 연구가 필요한 실정이다. 이에 국내 최초로 터널식 앵커리지가 적용된 울산대교를 대상으로 형상 및 구조를 단순화하여 축소모형실험을 수행하였다. 모형실험에서 앵커리지 구체와 주변 암반을 석고혼합물로 구현하였고, 평면 변형률 조건에서 인발 거동 특성을 조사하였다. 모형실험결과 터널식 앵커리지의 최종 인발 파괴모드는 울산대교의 설계시 가정한 바와 달리 쐐기(wedge)형태로 나타났다. 이를 검증하기 위해 유한요소해석 프로그램인 ABAQUS를 사용하여 수치해석을 시행하였고, 모형실험결과와 동일한 인발 파괴 거동을 확인할 수 있었다. 수치해석에서는 추가적으로 모형재료의 포아송비 및 주변암반의 강도 변화에 따른 영향을 조사하였다. 그 결과 극한 인발상태까지는 포아송비에 따른 영향이 적은 것으로 나타났고, 주변암반의 강도가 앵커리지 구체의 강도보다 10배 이상 큰 특수한 경우에 한하여 앵커리지가 주변 암반의 경계면을 따라 빠져나오는 소위 플러그(plug)형태의 파괴모드가 발생할 수 있음을 확인하였다.
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  • Publisher :The Korean Geotechnical Society
  • Publisher(Ko) :한국지반공학회
  • Journal Title :Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
  • Journal Title(Ko) :한국지반공학회 논문집
  • Volume : 34
  • No :10
  • Pages :61-74
  • Received Date :2018. 10. 15
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 10. 25